United States Secret Service
Saturday, June 18, 2011 1:39:36 PM
US Secret Service didirikan tahun 1865, awalnya tugasnya untuk melawan pemalsuan uang. Kemudian tanggung jawab satuan ini diperluas dengan tugas menjaga keamanan presiden, setelah pada tahun 1901, presiden McKinley terbunuh.
Tugas pokok Special Agent atau Agen Khusus Secret Service adalah mengawal presiden dan wakilnya beserta keluarga mereka. Mereka juga bertugas mengamankan kunjungan presiden ke luar negeri atau ada tamu negara yang berkunjung ke AS. Dalam bertugas para agen ini berpakaian preman dan tidak mengenakan seragam.
Dalam bekerja di lapangan, Special Agent selalu dibantu oleh Uniformed Division. Sesuai namanya, dalam melakukan aksi di lapangan, mereka selalu menggunakan seragam resmi. Divisi inilah yang bertugas menjaga Gedung Putih serta kediaman presiden dan wapres.
Mereka dibagi menjadi beberapa tim. Tim pertama adalah kontra sniper. Mereka bertugas memberikan pengamanan dari jauh dan mencegah adanya ancaman
Lalu ada K-9 Unit, tim ini mendeteksi dan mencegah ancaman bahan peledak.
Selanjutnya ada Emergency Response Team (ERT), mereka mencegah segala ancaman terhadap objek pengawalan. Terakhir ada Magnetometers, merekalah yang bertugas menyiapkan perangkat deteksi logam atau metal detektor di gedung putih, maupun di tempat kunjungan presiden.
Emergency Response Team (ERT)
Berdasarkan website US Secret Service, saat ini ada 3.200 agen dan 1.300 anggota Uniformed Division. Mereka dibantu 2.000 orang pekerja teknik dan administrasi.
United States Secret Service in action to keep president Ronald Reagan for incident shooting by someone
Secret Service agents in response at the assassination attempt of Ronald Reagan by John Hinckley, Jr. on March 30, 1981
Today the agency's primary investigative mission is to safeguard the payment and financial systems of the United States. These include crimes that involve financial institution fraud, computer and telecommunications fraud, false identification documents, access device fraud, advance fee fraud, electronic funds transfers and money laundering as it relates to the agency's core violations. However, after the 1901 assassination of President William McKinley, Congress directed the Secret Service to protect the President of the United States. Protection remains a key mission of the United States Secret Service.
Today, the Secret Service is authorized by law to protect:
*.The President, the Vice President, the President-elect, and the Vice President-elect
*.The immediate families of the above individuals
*.Former Presidents and their spouses for their lifetimes except when the spouse divorces or remarries. In 1997, legislation became effective limiting Secret Service protection to former Presidents and their spouses for a period of not more than 10 years from the date the former President leaves office
*.The widow or widower of a former President who dies in office or dies within a year of leaving office for a period of 1 year after the President's death (the Secretary of Homeland Security can extend the protection time)
*.Children of former Presidents until age 16 or until 10 years after the presidency, whichever comes first
*.Former Vice Presidents, their spouses, and their children under age 16 for a period of not more than 6 months from the date the former Vice President leaves office (the Secretary of Homeland Security can extend the protection time)
*.Visiting heads of states or governments and their spouses traveling with them, other distinguished foreign visitors to the United States, and official representatives of the United States performing special missions abroad whom the president deems important enough for protection outside the Diplomatic Security Service
*.Major presidential and vice presidential candidates
*.The spouses of major presidential and vice presidential candidates (within 120 days of a general presidential election)
*.Other individuals as designated per executive order of the President
*.National Special Security Events, when designated as such by the Secretary of Homeland Security
Any of these individuals can decline Secret Service protection, with the exception of the President, the Vice President, the President-elect, and the Vice President-elect.
When Hillary Clinton became Secretary of State in 2009, the Secret Service continued to protect her in her personal capacity, however the Diplomatic Security Service protects her while she is performing her duties as the Secretary, to include any foreign travel.
The Secret Service investigates thousands of incidents a year of individuals threatening the President of the United States.