Lúcio Costa won a contest and was the main urban planner. Oscar Niemeyer, a close friend of Lúcio's, was the chief architect of most public buildings and Roberto Burle Marx was the landscape designer. Brasília was built in 41 months, from 1956 to April 21, 1960, when it was officially inaugurated. From 1763 to 1960, Rio de Janeiro was the capital of Brazil. At this time, resources tended to be centered in Brazil's southeast region near Rio de Janeiro. Brasília's geographically more central location made for a more regionally neutral federal capital. The idea of locating the capital in the center of Brazil was first suggested in 1891 but was not defined until 1922.
Part of the center
Some of the amazing buildings
The Dom Bosco Sanctuary
In 1883, an Italian saint named Dom Bosco had a dream of a utopian city of the future. He described it as a capital city that would rule justly and provide for all the needs of a great nation. Significantly, the saint declared that this city would be located in the New World, between the 15th and 20th parallels.
Dom Bosco's vision was a major inspiration for the foundation of Brasilia, Brazil's modern capital city. In honor of the saint and his aspirational dream, the Sanctuary of Dom Bosco was built right on the 15th parallel in Brazilia.
The Metropolitan Cathedral
The national library